Oxygen absorbers vs Vacuum sealing for Food Products

Oxygen absorbers vs Vacuum sealing for Food Products
Published On:September 13, 2019 Revised On:July 25, 2023

Preserving the freshness and quality of food is of utmost importance. Whether individuals are home cooks or commercial food producers, finding effective methods to extend the shelf life of perishable items is essential.

Two popular techniques for food packaging are using oxygen absorbers and vacuum sealing. These methods aim to keep food fresh and prevent spoilage, but they work in different ways and offer unique advantages. This article explores the differences between oxygen absorbers and vacuum sealing for food storage needs.

Importance of Food Packaging

Food packaging solutions benefit consumers and producers in numerous significant ways. Embracing innovative and eco-friendly packaging practices is crucial for the future of the food industry, benefiting both the market and the planet.

Let’s delve into the essential reasons why these solutions are crucial in the modern food industry:

  1. Preservation and Freshness: Food packaging protects against external elements such as air, moisture, and contaminants. Providing a secure environment extends the shelf life of perishable items, ensuring that consumers receive fresh and safe products. This preservation aspect minimises food waste and allows producers to distribute their goods over more extensive geographical areas without compromising quality.
  2. Safety and Hygiene: Food packaging ensures that the products reach consumers hygienically. It guards against potential contamination during handling, transportation, and storage. For instance, in the case of raw meat or dairy products, proper packaging prevents the spread of harmful bacteria, safeguarding public health and reducing the risk of foodborne illnesses.
  3. Convenience and Portability: Well-designed food packaging enhances the convenience factor for consumers. It allows for easy handling, storage, and transportation, making it more convenient for busy individuals. Packaging contributes to user-friendliness through single-serving packages, resealable bags, and microwave-safe containers.
  4. Information and Transparency: Packaging serves to convey essential information to consumers. Labels provide details about ingredients, nutritional content, allergens, and expiry dates, empowering individuals to make informed choices about the products they purchase. Increased transparency builds trust between consumers and producers, fostering brand loyalty.
  5. Brand Differentiation and Marketing: Unique and appealing packaging designs can set products apart from competitors on store shelves. Eye-catching packaging can draw consumer attention, contributing to increased sales for producers. Effective branding through packaging helps create a recognizable identity for a product, establishing a strong market presence.
  6. Portion Control and Food Waste Reduction: Appropriate portion sizes in packaging can promote healthier eating habits by encouraging moderation. Moreover, it aids in reducing food waste, as consumers can use precisely what they need without the risk of spoilage.
  7. Sustainability and Environmental Impact: With the growing focus on environmental consciousness, sustainable food packaging solutions have become imperative. Biodegradable, compostable, and recyclable materials are gaining traction, reducing the ecological footprint of the food industry and appealing to environmentally-conscious consumers.
  8. Regulatory Compliance: Food packaging must meet various safety and labelling regulations that governments and international bodies enforce. Compliant packaging ensures consumers receive products that meet specific quality and safety standards.

Oxygen Absorbers

Oxygen absorbers consist of small packets containing iron powder, which reacts with oxygen when exposed to the air. The chemical reaction helps to remove the oxygen from the immediate environment, leaving behind a nitrogen-rich atmosphere. By reducing the oxygen level inside the packaging, aerobic bacteria and fungi growth is inhibited, which slows down the deterioration of the food.

Advantages of Oxygen Absorbers

  • Effective Oxygen Removal: Oxygen absorbers are highly efficient at removing oxygen, thereby significantly extending the shelf life of the contents. This makes them ideal for long-term storage.
  • Preservation of Nutritional Value: Oxygen absorbers help preserve the food’s nutritional content by preventing the oxidation of nutrients.
  • Prevention of Rancidity: Oxygen exposure can develop rancid flavours and odours in oils and fats. Using oxygen absorbers helps prevent this.
  • Ease of Use: Oxygen absorbers are easy to use and require minimal equipment. The process involves placing them inside the packaging, and they will perform their function.

Limitations of Oxygen Absorbers:

  • Moisture Sensitivity: Oxygen absorbers can be sensitive to moisture. If exposed to humidity, their effectiveness may diminish over time.
  • Incompatibility with All Foods: Some food items, like delicate fresh produce or soft baked goods, may be crushed or damaged using oxygen absorbers.

Vacuum Sealing

Vacuum sealing is a method that involves removing air from the packaging before sealing it shut. This packaging method can be done using vacuum sealer machines. By eliminating air, the growth of aerobic bacteria is curtailed, slowing the spoilage process.

Advantages of Vacuum Sealing:

  • Air Removal: Vacuum sealing eliminates air from the packaging, reducing the risk of spoilage and freezer burn.
  • Versatility: Vacuum sealing can be used for various food items, including fruits, vegetables, meats, and even liquids.
  • Space Efficiency: Vacuum-sealed packages take up less space in the freezer or pantry, allowing for better organization.
  • Preservation of Texture: By preventing freezer burn and moisture loss, vacuum sealing helps maintain the texture and flavour of the food.

Limitations of Vacuum Sealing:

  • Limited Oxygen Reduction: While vacuum sealing removes a significant amount of air, it may not eliminate all the oxygen, so it might not be as effective as oxygen absorbers for long-term storage.
  • Equipment Cost: Vacuum sealing requires a vacuum sealer machine, which can be an added expense.
  • Potential for Crushing: Some delicate food items, like soft fruits, can be crushed during vacuum sealing.


Both oxygen absorbers and vacuum sealing offer valuable benefits for preserving food freshness and quality. The choice between the two methods depends on the type of food being stored and the duration of storage required. Oxygen absorbers are excellent for long-term storage of dry and moisture-sensitive items due to their high oxygen removal efficiency. On the other hand, vacuum sealing is more versatile and suitable for a wide range of food items, making it a great option for short to medium-term storage.

In some cases, combining both methods might be the most effective approach. For instance, using vacuum sealing to remove air and adding oxygen absorbers inside the package can create an even more oxygen-free environment for extended shelf life. Whichever method individuals choose, following proper food safety guidelines and storage practices is crucial to ensure the longevity of stored items. With the right approach, consumers can enjoy fresh and flavorful food much longer, reducing waste and saving money.