What is VCI?
The Volatile Corrosion Inhibitor (VCI) is a chemical substance that reduces corrosion and is ideal for keeping enclosed void spaces rust-free. They have sufficient vapour pressure to release molecules from the compound into the air. VCIs come in various formulations, for example, films, oils, coatings, cleaners, etc. There are also a variety of formulations that protect ferrous, nonferrous, or multi-metal applications.
How does VCI work?
Corrosion happens when an electrolyte is present on the surface of a metal. The electrons then flow from high-energy areas of the metal to low-energy areas in a loop through the electrolyte. The corrosion process results in the formation of oxidation on the metal surface. With the presence of VCI, electrical current cannot flow from the anode through the electrolyte into the cathode. The VCI molecules attach themselves to a metal surface to form an invisible, thin film to protect the metal from corrosion.
VCI protection is a function of:
- Which metals need protection
- VCI chemicals used and their effects on the metals
- Water solubility and the effectiveness of the VCI in the presence of moisture/humidity
VCI Paper/VCI Film is frequently used to wrap metals during transportation or storage to prevent corrosion. When the VCI Film is in direct contact with the metal, VCI molecules adsorb on the metal surfaces, creating an invisible molecular barrier against corrosive elements such as oxygen, moisture, and chlorides. As VCI molecules vaporise out of the film and diffuse throughout the package, they also form a protective molecular layer on metal surfaces. The molecular layer is not in direct contact with the film. When the packaging is removed, the VCI molecules will vaporise and float away.
Once the VCIs have adsorbed on the surface of the metal, they provide an effective barrier that is hydrophobic and prevents moisture from getting through to the metal surface. Consequently, this prevents the formation of corrosion. At Stream Peak, we offer various VCI Liquids like Transit Coatings, Rust Removing Liquid, and Lubricating Liquid.
VCI Emitters are lightweight disks containing corrosion inhibitors to protect the various components inside the box. These slim and compact disks allow accessibility into tight and restricted spaces. Adhesive tape allows VCI Emitters to stay firmly on metal surfaces, cabinets, and walls.
VCI Bags are coated entirely with compounds that act as barriers between the metal and the corrosive substance. Our unique formula of VCIs seeks out metal surfaces and attach themselves, covering the entire surface with a protective layer.
VCIs have been used to protect the interior of equipment such as tanks, vessels, boilers, piping, especially for voids and recessed areas of interior cavities during storage or transportation. The typical applications are fogging/blowing the VCI Powder into the interior space or applying the VCI Powder in packet form.
Packaging Design Criteria
The type of VCI packaging used should be considered based on various criteria such as:
- Variety of metals in need of protection
- Length of protection required
- Domestic or export
- Climate Conditions
- Size and weight of the product
- Value of the product
Correct Examples of VCI Packaging
One square foot of VCI Paper/Film for every 3 square feet of surface area or 1 square foot for every cubic foot of packaging volume is protected. Any printing on the VCI Paper/Film should be faced away from the metal.
Advantages of VCI
- Easy to apply (no grease and messy oils)
- No surface preparation needed
- Cost-effective corrosion protection
- Improved safety and pollution control
- No need to remove VCI protection, eliminating extra processing steps
- Extend equipment life
Here is a video about Volatile Corrosion Inhibitors (VCI).